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parallel trading of cosmetic
Parallel imports (or gray market goods) refer to branded goods that are imported into a market and sold there without the trademark owner’s consent in that market. The goods have been manufactured by or under license of the brand owner and therefore are not counterfeit, but they may have been formulated or packaged for a particular ...
parallel trading in hong kong - wikipedia
Causes There were several reasons behind the parallel trading in Hong Kong. First, the strength of the Renminbi against the Hong Kong dollar and the absence of taxes and duties in Hong Kong make goods and everyday commodities more attractive to mainland Chinese consumers.
time to act against chinese parallel import of foreign cosmetic ...
Online Sales on Designated e-Commerce Platforms This status quo changed in 2019, when many such cosmetic products were made lawfully available to Chinese consumers by exempting foreign brands from having to comply with the animal testing requirements.
parallel import - wikipedia
A parallel import is a non- counterfeit product imported from another country without the permission of the intellectual property owner. Parallel imports are often referred to as grey product and are implicated in issues of international trade, and intellectual property. 
importazione e distribuzione parallela - agenzia italiana del farmaco
Importazione parallela di farmaci autorizzati con procedura nazionale, di mutuo riconoscimento e decentrata. I medicinali di importazione parallela devono avere un’AIC valida rilasciata dall’autorità competente del Paese di provenienza ed essere identici o essenzialmente analoghi ad un prodotto che ha già ricevuto l’AIC in Italia.
cosmetics europe - the personal care association :: cosmetics industry
Valued at €88 billion at retail sales price in 2022, Europe is a global flagship market for cosmetics and personal care products. The largest national markets for cosmetics and personal care products within Europe are Germany (€14.3 billion), France (€12.9 billion), Italy (€11.5 billion), the UK (€10.5 billion), Spain (€9.3 billion) and Poland (€4.5 billion )*.
cosmetics market size, share | global industry trends 
Listen to Audio Version. The global cosmetics market size was valued at USD 299.77 billion in 2022 and is projected to grow from USD 313.22 billion in 2023 to USD 417.24 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 4.2% during the forecast period. Cosmetics are beauty & personal care products used for skin cleansing and beautification purposes.